Lake Cable Animal Hospital - For all pet owners
Pet care do’s and don’t’s
DON’T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT:
- Never use human eye products on your animal unless prescribed by a veterinarian . The PH is different and can burn & cause permanent damage to the cornea & loss of vision.
- Never stop the monthly heartworm preventive. Your pet will have to be tested before you can restart the medication.
- Never withhold water from any animal at any time (even when caged). This can lead to dehydration, excessive water consumption & bladder control issues when water is available & could possibly cause organ damage. Call us if your pet’s water consumption changes dramatically as there may be a medical problem.
- Never give any over the counter human medications to any pet unless you have checked with our office or the emergency clinic. We will be happy to tell you if an OTC product is safe for your animal.
- Never use scissors to trim your pet’s fur. One quick move by the animal can cause the blades to slip and cut the animal.
- Never allow cats or dogs to play with string, tinsel, rubber bands, etc. These types of objects can cause dangerous intestinal blockages which may require emergency surgery.
- Never give your dog any type of pork or pork bones. Processed meat products (such as bologna, hot dogs, salami, trail bologna or pepperoni) are also bad for dogs. Many pets do not tolerate these items and even a very small amount can cause pancreatitis ( a dangerous inflammation) as well as vomiting or diarrhea.
- Never allow your pet to eat chocolate, grapes or onions. These foods may be toxic.
- Never give your animal raw meat, raw eggs or spoiled food. They can get the same bacterial infections (such as Salmonella) that we can. Don’t feed it to your pet if you wouldn’t eat it yourself.
- Always call our office first if you have questions, concerns, or need advice about your animal. Don’t get misinformation from friends, family or the internet- they don’t know your pets medical history like we do & could cause harm unintentionally.
- Always call an emergency service if your pet is ill when Lake Cable Animal Hospital is closed. They can sometimes give you advice over the phone or tell you how serious the problem may be. Delaying treatment may create a more serious situation which will be more costly to treat.
- Always give medications as directed and complete the prescribed course of treatment or your pet may have a relapse or develop a resistant condition. If your pet appears to have a problem with a medication please call us right away.
- Always ask questions if you do not understand a diagnosis, procedure, product use or medication or other recommendation.
- Always know the names of any plants that your pet may have access to and whether or not they may be toxic.
- Always feed a good quality, name-brand pet food (such as Iams, Science Diet, Eukanuba etc.). Generics, store brands &foods with moist or chewy bits can be factors in causing weight gain, food allergy problems, poor body condition, poor skin & hair coat, and digestive problems such as vomiting & diarrhea.
- Always make dietary changes slowly over a 10 to 14 day period. Sudden food changes can cause vomiting and / or diarrhea.
- Always check with us before giving your dog a bone. Some types are safe but most are not. When in doubt, don’t give it.
- For everyone’s safety, always have your dog on a leash and your cat in a carrier when entering our office. Your pet may be well behaved and sociable but other pets in the waiting area may be aggressive or frightened by other animals.
- Always maintain your pet at a healthy weight. Obesity can shorten your pets life and create or worsen many health problems such as arthritis, diabetes, liver disease, heart disease, shorter lifespan & grooming and mobility problems.
- Always bring your pet in for an annual examination and the appropriate vaccinations. Prevention is still the best medicine.
- Always leave kennels and pet sitters a phone number where you can be reached in case your pet becomes ill. We cannot treat your pet without your permission.
- Always keep your pet well-groomed. Matted hair is uncomfortable, unclean, & can cause unhealthy skin underneath as well as making a medical examination more difficult.
- When bringing a new pet into the household, always isolate the animal away from your other pets for two weeks. The new kid may be carrying parasites (such as fleas & worms) or incubating a contagious disease.
- Always call us quickly if your pet’s behavior or housetraining habits change as there may be an underlying medical problem. The longer a behavior problem persists the harder it is to correct. We can give you effective solutions.
- Always talk to us first for effective flea prevention options. A few Fleas can produce hundreds of eggs a day, so it is always easier to prevent an infestation than it is to successfully treat one.
DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE
Degenerative joint disease or arthritis is a chronic condition that develops in our older dogs and cats and occasionally in our younger pets after a joint injury. The signs that you may see include: stiffness in the morning that improves as your pet moves around, lameness after exercise or rest, difficulty with stairs, laying around more, unable to play or walk as much, hiding or becoming more aggressive towards you or other pets. Luckily our pets do not have to suffer with the pain of arthritis.
Management of arthritis includes weight management, slowly increasing the activity level, medical therapy and surgical options. Weight control is a very important part of helping our pets and is often overlooked. Keeping your pet at its ideal weight will make sure the arthritic joints don’t have to carry additional weight. Medical therapy includes pain relievers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and other types of pain relievers, chondroprotective agents that help to increase lubrication in the joint, and fatty acids.
If your pet is experiencing any of the signs listed above, please call us at the hospital so that we can evaluate your pet and relieve the pain from arthritis. Please do not start your pet on an exercise program or pain relievers without speaking with us.
Dental care is an essential part of your pet’s health. One of the most common diseases in the world for cats and dogs is periodontal disease, which affects not the teeth themselves, but the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. If not attended to, it could result in other serious medical problems involving the liver, kidneys and heart. Some of the warning signs to look for in your cat or dog are badbreath, red and swollen gums, pain or bleeding when you touch the gums or mouth, and yellow brown crusts of tartar around the gum line. We believe frequent dental cleanings (done in the hospital) and good home care are the only effective treatments available for this disease.
One step you can take towards the care of your pet’s teeth is brushing your pet’s teeth, daily, using a soft toothbrush or fingertip toothbrush designed to fit in your pet’s mouth and toothpaste specially designed for pets. Please don’t use human toothpaste for it can upset your pet’s stomach. Also, don’t forget to plan regular dental check-ups along with your pet’s annual physical exam, at least once a year, with us.
Obesity is a common problem for our companion animals and can be a life-threatening condition. Excess weight can lead to or aggravate many serious health conditions, including; heart, liver and kidney disease, diabetes, increased joint problems, increased surgical risks, and skin problems. Your pet may become overweight due to a medical condition, but the majority of obese pets are overweight due to too many calories and too little activity.
Veterinarians use a body condition scoring system to determine if your pet is overweight, but you can also do a simple test at home. With your pet standing in front of you, place your hands on his/her ribs – you should be able to feel, but not see, the ribs without pressing too hard. Also, you should be able to see a “waistline”, or narrowing between the end of the ribs and hips. If you are unable to do these things, it may be time to reduce your pet’s weight.
Weight reduction is achieved by reducing you pet’s caloric intake and slowly increasing his/her activity level. Caloric intake can be reduced by measuring (in a measuring cup) the total amount of food normally fed and eaten in a given day, and decreasing that amount by 20-25%. To help satiate your pet, raw vegetables (green beans, celery, carrots, etc.) may be substituted for the decreased portion of the normal food. Also, feeding the total daily ration of food in two to three separate, smaller meals may help satiate your pet during his/her diet. Additionally, a lower calorie, higher fiber food may be used in place of your pet’s usual food (remember that any change in food should be done gradually to avoid gastric upset). Prepackaged treats are considered junk food and thus should be avoided. Instead, rice cakes, plain popcorn, raw vegetables, low calorie dog treats and fruits (not grapes) can be given as treats but in small amounts. Exercise should be instituted slowly and must be based upon your pet’s physical health and age; please consult with us if you are unsure of what form of exercise might best suit your pet.
Weight reduction in pets is a slow process, often taking several months. Be patient and don’t give up! Your pet needs you to be strong for him/her. Once the excess weight is off, your pet will have more energy and a better chance at a long, healthful life.
Please call us for more information or if you have questions.
There are many things to consider when thinking about traveling with your pet. Where are you going? How are you traveling? Does he get carsick? Does he pet get scared in the car? Will your pet be more comfortable traveling with you or staying in a kennel or with a pet sitter?
If you are traveling by air, you will need to check with the individual airline on what the requirements are for your pet to fly with them. Depending on size, your pet may have to travel in the cargo area or as a carry-on under your seat in a carrier.
You will need an airline approved carrier or crate, health certificate, bedding, litter, food, and water. A good website about airline travel is www.petswelcome.com.
If you are traveling by car, you will need to take some supplies with you.
- His medical papers including proof of vaccinations.
- Identification tags and a copy of “In case of emergency” paper for your car. (See copy attached)
- Take his dog crate or cat carrier with you. Your pet will be safer in the car in case of accident and you will be taking “a little piece of home” with you.
- Take your own food and water since you may not be able to find your brand of pet food where you are going and you are not changing the type of water your pet drinks.
- Baby wipes are handy to have to clean up messy spills, and muddy feet.
FOR THE CATS:
- You will need to take a litter pan and enough litter to change it daily to control the odor.
- Train your cat to car rides early in life, by taking him for frequent, short trips gradually increasing the distance.
- Please do not allow him to ride loose in the car for the safety of both pet and driver.
FOR THE DOGS:
- If you stop at a rest area, leash your dog before opening the door and use the area designated for pets. Clean up after him with pooper-scooper bags. Because so many people use these areas, try not to use the first 6 to 10 feet of the area where everyone else has gone. Go further out in the proper area (if the area is well lit and safe for you), where other people are less likely to have gone to prevent the spread of contagious diseases and parasites.
- Train him to the car early in life, by taking him for frequent and short trips to prevent carsickness. If he gets car sick, please call the office for suggestions on training and desensitizing him to car rides.
- Remember not to let him hang his head out of the window. Foreign objects, dust and bugs can damage an eye. Just roll the window down a little to allow him to sniff the air.
- Never allow him to ride unsecured in the back of a pickup truck or in a car. A quick slam of the brakes and he becomes a flying object. It is safer for him to ride in the back seat either crated or restrained by a doggie seat belt harness.
Please don’t leave him in the car any time we have a warm day, whether it is in the spring, summer, or fall. Temperatures inside a car can become very hot very quickly, and your pet can suffer heat stroke.
When staying at a motel or hotel, make sure pets are allowed when you make your reservation. We have a web site listing pet friendly places (www.petswelcome.com) or the AAA can help. Please keep him crated in his cage in the motel room when you are not in the room to prevent damage to the motel. Your dog is less likely to bark in his crate since it is his home away from home. When you potty your pet please be considerate of others and always clean up and properly dispose of it.
If you are going abroad, you will need to check with the country’s embassy to find out what restrictions (i.e.quarantine period) they have on pets entering their country and vaccination requirements. Vaccination requirements particularly Rabies may be different where you are traveling.
Whether you are traveling abroad or just state to state you may need an examination and a health certificate issued by Dr. Watters.
If traveling with your pet is not an option or he doesn’t travel well, consider either a boarding facility or a pet sitter. When choosing a kennel, pick carefully by touring the kennel ahead of time. Find out what vaccinations are required by the kennel and leave a phone number where you and your veterinarian can be called. Ask if you can take your own food and toys to make him feel more at home. We have a listing of pet sitters and kennels available at the office.
IN CASE OF ACCIDENT
Pet Health / Information
- atopica.com– allergy information
- handicappedpets.coms – carts, slings, ramps beds etc.
- preparingfido.com – information about babies and dogs
- nssvet.org/ici– feline environmental enrichment and behavior
- indoorpet.osu.edu/– information about indoor cats and enriching environment
PET HEALTH/ INFORMATION
- pfizerah.com – pet wellness
- petshealthplan.com – information about pet health insurance
- avma.org – American Veterinary Medical Association
- aahanet.org – American Animal Hospital Association
- ohiovma.org – Ohio Veterinary Medical Association
- catvets.com – American Association of Feline Practitioners
- petdiets.com – nutritional advice and homemade diets
- vet.cornell.edu/fhc – Cornell Feline Health Center
- aphis.usda.gov/import_export/index.shtml – importing/exporting of pets
- jefferspet.com– anti barking collar citronella
- bottomsupleash.com– sling-type leash for dogs weak in the back end
- nekofeeder.com – carrier and collar to regulate food for cats
Heartworm and Flea medication
AVAILABLE HEARTWORM MEDICATIONS
INTERCEPTOR is a monthly oral medication for dogs and cats. This product protects pets from heartworm disease and intestinal parasites such as roundworms, whipworms and hookworms. Interceptor can be used with any topical flea product. Your pet must be tested for heartworms prior to starting this medication or if there are any inconsistencies in the monthly dosing (such as late administration or missed months). Heartworm medication should be given year-round.
SENTINEL is for dogs only. It is the same monthly heartworm medication contained in Interceptor and it also includes a flea birth control formula. Sentinel will NOT kill adult fleas but can stop fleas from multiplying in the environment as long as all animals in the house is on good quality flea control. Sentinel can be used with any topical flea product if necessary. Sentinel does not control ticks.
ADVANTAGE MULTI is available for both dogs and cats. This is a monthly topical product which is used in the same manner as Advantage (see paragraph below regarding application and bathing instructions). This product contains a combination of medications which prevents heartworm disease, kills adult fleas, and protects pets from intestinal parasites (hookworms, whipworms and roundworms) and ear mites. Pets must be tested for heartworm prior to starting this medication or if there are any lapses in the dosing of monthly heartworm preventive. Your pet may not use any other heartworm or flea products while this product is actively in their system or within 30 days of applying the last dose. This product does not kill ticks.
AVAILABLE FLEA PRODUCTS
ADVANTAGE is a topical medication used to kill adult fleas on dogs and cats. One tube of oil is applied to completely dry skin (not the hair) in specified areas once a month. The product is waterproof but will be removed with soap. For best results, bathe your pet at least 24-48 hours prior to application and do not bathe again for at least 1 week after application. You must use a soap-free shampoo (such as our Aloe & Oatmeal Shampoo) while using this product. It is important to read and follow the package directions before using this product. This product can be used with Interceptor or Sentinel. No other topical flea products (shampoos, sprays, collars, etc) may be applied while using Advantage. This product does not kill ticks.
ADVANITX is the same topical medication as Advantage but it also contains a medication to kill ticks and repel mosquitoes. It is applied in the same manner as Advantage and the bathing instructions are also the same (refer to the paragraph on Advantage above). Advantix is available only for dogs. IT CAN NOT BE USED ON CATS. It is important to read and follow the package directions before using this product. It can be used with Interceptor or Sentinel. No other topical flea products may be used with Advantix.
ADVANTAGE MULTI is available for both dogs and cats. This is a monthly topical product which is used in the same manner as Advantage (see above paragraph regarding application and bathing instructions). This product contains a combination of medications which prevents heartworm disease, kills adult fleas, and protects pets from intestinal parasites (hookworms, whipworms and roundworms) and ear mites. Pets must be tested for heartworm prior to starting this medication or if there are any lapses in the dosing of monthly heartworm preventive. Your pet may not use any other heartworm or flea products while this product is actively in their system or within 30 days of applying the last dose. This product does not kill ticks.
How to treat the house for fleas
- Read and follow all of the manufacturer’s directions.
- Vacuum all floors. Fleas can live in your sweeper so you need to either throw the sweeper bag away or empty the dirt collection cup and spray it with the house treatment. Sweep & mop linoleum & hardwood floors.
- Treat all animals in the household for fleas. Be sure to use products that are appropriate for your pet’s size, age, general health and species.
- Remove all pets and people from the house during the spraying process & for approximately one hour afterwards. Be sure to cover any fish tanks. Read and follow all of the manufacturer’s directions.
- It is usually not necessary to spray mattresses, however all bedding should be removed and washed. Pet bedding should also be either washed or sprayed with the house treatment.
- Spot test carpet and upholstery for possible staining. It is not necessary to saturate the areas. Lightly mist all carpeting & upholstery using a smooth back and forth motion. Hold the can 2 to 3 feet from the surface you are spraying. Fleas travel so you must spray every room in the house – even ones the animals do not have access to. Move as much furniture as possible and the spray the carpeting underneath. If furniture cushions can be removed, they should be sprayed on all sides. Spray all areas of furniture exposed when the cushions are off.
- DO NOT VACCUUM AGAIN FOR 5-7 DAYS. The spray must remain in contact with the areas in order to work.
- Repeat the process every 2 to 4 weeks or until no fleas have been seen for at least 2 treatments.
Intestinal Parasites (worms)
When we check a stool sample on your pet we are looking for the microscopic eggs of intestinal parasites. Most intestinal parasites cannot be seen with the naked eye. These parasites can steal the nutrients your pet needs to grow and live and can cause vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, bloating and discomfort. Your pet may also show no symptoms at all. Some of the different kinds of parasites that we may find in your pet’s stool are roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms.
We recommend checking more than one stool sample. Worms only produce eggs every two to three weeks, and if we check a stool sample at a time when no eggs are being produced, we may get a negative result even though worms are present. Because of the possibility of a false result, we will send home a precautionary wormer if eggs are not found in the stool sample and the pet has not been wormed appropriately. This will not hurt your pet if he does not have worms, but it will help if there are undetected parasites.
If your pet’s stool sample is positive, Dr. Watters will prescribe a worming medication best suited to getting rid of the specific parasite. If more than one parasite is seen, more than one medication may be necessary to remedy the problem. It is recommended that we recheck the stool sample two times after the worming medication is done to verify that the parasites are no longer present. We also will check your pet’s stool yearly to make sure your animal has not been re-infected or a new parasite isn’t present. Any time your pet touches the ground there is the potential for infection. Most intestinal worms are transmitted through contact with infected stool. They are also passed from mother to baby in the womb.
If your pet has worms it is important to keep the stool in your yard picked up. If the eggs soak into the soil of your yard, your pet may become reinfected with the same worms because your soil is contaminated. It is also a good idea to keep the yard picked up if you are unsure whether or not your pet has worms. The best way to prevent soil contamination is to take your pet out on a leash and pick up the stool immediately after it is deposited in to the yard. Proper testing, treatment, and prevention of reinfestation will allow your pet to live parasite-free.
COMMON INTESTINAL PARASITES
These adult worms can be visible in the animal’s stool and are found in 99% of puppies and kittens. They are long, white, round and resemble a piece of spaghetti. Baby animals are most often born with this parasite. This is worm is most often responsible for the pot-bellied appearance of infected pets. Other animals (such as cows and horses) may also carry these worms. Animals must ingest the worm eggs orally to become infected.
These adult worms are microscopic and will never be seen in your pets stool. Hookworms have sharp teeth which they use to attach to your pet’s intestinal wall. This can cause blood in the stool and anemia from blood loss. This worm‘s eggs can be transmitted by oral – fecal contact but they can also be absorbed through the skin. If you or your pet walk barefoot on infected ground, you may contract these parasites.
These adult worms are also microscopic. They often produce fewer eggs less frequently than other parasites and therefore may be less likely to appear under the microscope. They may be the underlying cause for intermittent bouts of diarrhea and may cause mucous in the stool. These worms are particularly difficult to clear from the environment because the eggs can survive in the ground for several years after the infected stool has been removed.
These worms are more frequently discovered by the naked eye than by the microscope. Fresh tapeworm segments are short, flat and white. They may look like grains of rice when fresh or sesame seeds when dried out. The segments may pass individually or connected in a strand. They are often found stuck to the hair around your pet’s rear end. Sometimes an animal will vomits these as well. These worms ARE NOT TRANSMITTED BY CONTACT WITH THE STOOL. Tapeworms require an intermediate source which is usually the carcass of a dead animal (such as mice, rabbits, birds, etc.) or a flea. The worm eggs are contained within the segments that pass. These segments are then eaten by a flea or other animal which incubates them to an infectious form. Your pet eats the infected flea or animal and about six weeks later may begin passing worms. Multiple pets in the same household will only share these worms if they share the host.
COCCIDIA are a single -cell bacterial parasite which usually causes diarrhea. This parasite is commonly found in environments such as pet stores and farms where cleanliness may not be ideal. This infection is treated with antibiotics. Coccidia can often hide the presence of other types of worms so it is very important to recheck a stool sample following treatment. We may also do a broad spectrum precautionary wormer in addition to the antibiotic treatment.
- Avoid all processed meat products such as hot dogs, bologna, salami, trail bologna, pepperoni, beef jerky etc.
- Never feed any raw, undercooked or spoiled meats. These could cause bacterial infections such as E. Coli & Salmonella.
- Never feed your dog any pork products or animal fat. These items can cause pancreatitis which is potentially deadly.
- Do not give your pet any fish with bones. Never give a dog chicken or pork bones as these splinter easily. Use caution when giving beef bones. Small bones should be avoided as they may be swallowed whole or splinter into sharp pieces which are not digestible and may irritate or block the digestive tract.
- Never give spiced, marinated, coated, salted or seasoned meats. These can upset the stomach.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES:
- Do not give any fruit with a pit still in it.
- Grapes and raisins are toxic.
- Onions and onion powder can be toxic
- Macadamia nuts & avocados can be toxic.
- Dairy products are not harmful, but some pets can be lactose intolerant. Always feed dairy products (such as milk, cheese or yogurt) sparingly. If your pet experiences vomiting or diarrhea stop the dairy foods. Eggs are often not well tolerated.
- Never give your pet alcohol.
- Never give your pet a beverage containing caffeine (soda, coffee, tea, etc).
- Never give your pet any form of chocolate.
- Tea leaves and raw yeast dough are toxic.
- The artificial sweetener Xylitol is toxic. This can be found in beverages, candy and gum.